• Mount Kazbek
Mount Kazbek or Mount Kazbegi is a dormant stratovolcano and one of the major mountains of the Caucasus, located on the Russian-Georgian border – in Russia’s North Ossetia region and Georgia’s Kazbegi District.
Mount Kazbek is one of 10 highest peaks in Russia and the third-highest peak in Georgia (after Mount Shkhara and Janga) and the seventh-highest summit in the Caucasus Mountains. Kazbegi is also the second-highest volcanic summit in the Caucasus, after Mount Elbrus. The summit lies directly to the west of the town of Stepantsminda and is the most prominent geographic feature of the area.
The name Kazbeg first came up at the end of the 18th century, after local nobleman Dimitri Chopikashvili (grand father of the Georgian writer Aleksandre Kazbegi) got the title of “Kazgeb” from Georgian king Erekle II.
The word “Kazbeg” means “religious leader”. The title appeared under Georgian king Rostom in the 17th century. The name of the mountain in Georgian, Mqinvartsveri, translates to “Glacier Peak” or “Freezing Cold Peak”. The Vainakh name Bashlam translates as “Molten Mount”. 🇬🇪