Italy is a democratic Republic, founded on labor

🇮🇹 Italy

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Also Known As Italia • Italian Republic • Repubblica Italiana
Head Of Government Prime Minister: Mario Draghi
Capital Rome
Population (2021 est.) 58,981,000
Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 0.914 euro
Head Of State President: Sergio Mattarella
Form Of Government republic with two legislative houses (Senate [322¹]; Chamber of Deputies [630])
Official Language Italian2
Official Religion none
Official Name Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic)
Total Area (Sq Km) 302,073
Total Area (Sq Mi) 116,631
Monetary Unit euro (€)
Population Rank (2021) 25
Population Projection 2030 60,286,000
Density: Persons Per Sq Mi (2021) 505.7
Density: Persons Per Sq Km (2021) 195.3
Urban-Rural Population Urban: (2018) 70.4% • Rural: (2018) 29.6%
Life Expectancy At Birth Male: (2020) 79.8 years • Female: (2020) 85.3 years
Literacy: Percentage Of Population Age 15 And Over Literate Male: (2015) 99.4% • Female: (2015) 99%
Gni (U.S.$ ’000,000) (2020) 1,917,557
Gni Per Capita (U.S.$) (2020) 32,200
¹Includes seven nonelective seats (five presidential appointees and two former presidents serving ex officio).²In addition, German is locally official in the region of Trentino–Alto Adige, and French is locally official in the region of Valle d’Aosta.