The factory of the world, the People's Republic of China

🇨🇳 China

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Land controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; land claimed but uncontrolled shown in light green.
People’s Republic of China
中华人民共和国 (Chinese)
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó (Pinyin)


Also Known As Chung-hua Jen-min Kung-ho-kuo • Zhongguo • Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo • People’s Republic of China • Chung-hua • Chung-kuo • Zhonghua
Head Of Government Premier: Li Keqiang
Capital Beijing (Peking)
Population (2021 est.) 1,416,687,000
Currency Exchange Rate 1 USD equals 6.319 Chinese yuan renminbi
Head Of State President: Xi Jinping, assisted by Vice President Li Yuanchao
Form Of Government single-party people’s republic with one legislative house (National People’s Congress [3,000¹])
Official Language Mandarin Chinese
Official Religion none²
Official Name Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo (People’s Republic of China)
Total Area (Sq Km) 9,572,900
Total Area (Sq Mi) 3,696,118
Monetary Unit renminbi (yuan) (Y)
Population Rank (2021) 1
Population Projection 2030 1,408,712,000
Density: Persons Per Sq Mi (2021) 383.3
Density: Persons Per Sq Km (2021) 148
Urban-Rural Population Urban: (2018) 59.6% • Rural: (2018) 40.4%
Life Expectancy At Birth Male: (2015) 74 years • Female: (2020) 78.4 years
Literacy: Percentage Of Population Age 15 And Over Literate Male: (2015) 98.2% • Female: (2015) 94.5%
Gni (U.S.$ ’000,000) (2020) 14,880,745
Gni Per Capita (U.S.$) (2020) 10,610
¹Statutory number; includes 36 seats allotted to Hong Kong and 12 to Macau.²Many Chinese practice both Chinese folk-religion and Buddhism.